Gypsy jazz, which is also known as Gypsy Swing, is originally from France and still remains very popular there. Perhaps confusingly, many people also know it as Manouche Jazz. Django Reinhardt was and still is the most famous musician in this genre and was part of a group of Gypsy musicians who worked in Paris between the nineteen thirties and nineteen fifties. Gypsy Jazz is not dissimilar to the unmistakably French Musette style and the musette style Waltz, generally speaking, helped form the basic structures for many Gypsy Jazz numbers. What Reinhardt successfully created was a blend of Gypsy influenced chromatic and dark music with the very popular Jazz Swing music. It is a beautiful marriage and Reinhardt went onto great success working this style with several ensembles with the Quintette du Hot Club de France being the most famous, another iconic musician to find fame with this style was Stephane Grappelli.
As with traditional Gypsy music, Gypsy jazz, is learned aurally with elders passing down their of knowledge of the music to younger generations. Much has to be learnt from memory and as a style for guitar is is a very technical and demanding subject. Gypsy jazz continues to be very popular worldwide but particularly more so in Francophone countries. Some Gypsy Jazz guitarists of great note playing in the 21st century are Stochelo Rosenberg, Biréli Lagrène, Joscho Stephan and Tchavolo Schmitt.
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